HIV / AIDS PREVENTION PROGRAM
Population Services International (pSI), a non-profit organization, established its Cambodia office in 1993. In 1994, PSI/ Cambodia launched its Number One® condom social marketing program to ensure access to affordable quality condoms to populations most at risk for HIV / AIDS while improving knowledge and beliefs related to safer sexual practices.
In its successful efforts to stem the epidemic, the Royal Government of Cambodia enlisted PSI/Cambodia to become a key partner in its 100 Condom Use Program to stage large entertainment-education concerts in the provinces. To further raise awareness of HIV / AIDS and Number One®, PSI/Cambodia and its numerous partners have made use of large events such as the annual Water Festival, which attracts hundreds of thousands of people from the provinces who come to view the barges race along the TonlesapRiverfront, in front of the Royal Palace.
Education and promotion through channels such as cycle-drivers and mass media and effective coverage in higher risk establishments have contributed to Number One® sales reaching 177 rniJlion units by September 2006.
These accomplishments have been made possible through the support of various donors including United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the British Department for International Development (DFID) and the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
-Name of issue :HIV / AIDS PREVENTION PROGRAM
-Date of issue :December 1(Fri) 2006
-Printing Process : Offset
-Size of impression : 31mm X 46mm
Cambodia is a country with a long history of great culture and tradition. Khmer’s silk weaving dates back to Angkor times. During the Angkorian period silk fabrics were used to dress statues of divinities and trade commodities. As example this craft is clearly apparent on the artistic skirts of the Apsara on the walls of Angkor Wat and other temples across Cambodia. Motifs and symbols on woven silks were recorded on old stone sculptures. This tradition was passed down from generations to generations. Traditional silk clothes, which are popular in wedding ceremonies, traditional festivals and royal ceremonies, have long been used by ordinary people, low and high-ranking officials and the king. Khmer people could weave many kinds of silk products with different decorative patterns, such as krama (scarf), silk sarong, chorabab, soeng, hol, phamuong, pidan in magnificent colors, which were extracted from trees and other materials. Khmer people could weave many kinds of silk products with different decorative patterns, such as lboeurk, preleat, anlounh (checkered cloth), krama (scarf), sarong sotr (silk sarong), chorabab, soeng, hol, phamuong, pidan (used in Buddhist ceremonies) in magnificent colors, which were extracted from trees and other materials. Weavers are who live in several provinces in the country such as Banteay Meanchey , Kampong Cham , Kampong Thom , Kandal , Prey Veng , Siem Reap , Takeo and Stung Treng. Traditional patterns and lanterns on silk rely heavily on the ikat technique. Our weavers have their own special technique to do that. weaving are one of the most complicated and time consuming ways to pattern cloth. The process of silk involves four main stages which are washing, extraction, bleaching and etching. To weave silk, our traditional weavers need several tools including handlooms, shuttles, spinning and reeling devices.
Preah Ream is the son of King Tusarrot and his first Queen Kokolyan (Kaousurya). The theft of Preah Ream’s wife, Neng Seda, by the King of the yeak, Krong Reap, precipitates much of the action described in the Reamker. Preah Ream is depicted as a human begin with green skin, wearing a “mokot neay roong” headdress. Preah Ream is considered to be an incarnation of Preah Neareay (Vishnu). Preah Ream is shown here in pose of just having shot an arrow from his famous bow.
Krong Reap, or Tusamuk, is the King of the yeak (or demons) who rules over the city of Langka on the island of Langka. Krong Reap is depicted as a yeak with green skin. Although he is described as having twenty arms, Krong Reap is generally painted as having only four, six, eight or ten arms, all holding weapons used in battle such as the bow, spear, cl ub, or triden t. Krong Reap is said to have ten heads but he is usually painted with either a single large yeak face or with four faces (as shown here). Additional faces, both yeak and human, are found on his headdress. Krong Reap is shown here in a pose of guarding, confronting or setting out on a journey.
Preah Leak is the younger half brother of Preah Ream who fights at his side throughout the battles for Neang Seda. His mother is Samotreadevi, the third Queen of King Tusarot. Preah Leak is depicted with flesh colored skin, wearing a headdress called a "rnokor neay roong" and holding a bow. He is shown here in a pose of traveling on a journey.
Hanuman is the nephew of Sugrib who becomes the strongest and cleverest monkey commander of Preah Ream. Hanuman helps Preah Ream over and over again in the fight to reclaim Neang Seda. Hanuman is depicted as a white monkey with blue or grey lines representing his fur; from afar Hanuman should
look white, while up close one can see his fur markings. Hanuman wears a "kbang" headdress and is depicted here in a pose of walking, holding his sword.
Neang Seda is the daughter of Krong Reap and Neang Montolkiri who is abandoned on Krong Reap's orders shortly after she is born. King Januk of the city of Mithila finds the baby girl floating in a trunk in the river. After burying the baby for more than a decade, the King finds that she has become a very beautiful woman whom the King adopts. After Preah Ream shows that he can lift the bow of King Januk, he is given Neang Seda in marriage. Neang Seda is depicted as a fair skinned woman wearing the clothing, headdress, and jewelry typical of all female human characters in the Reamker. Neang Seda is depicted here in a pose of walking.
Reamleak is the son who Neang Seda gives birth to after she has been cast out of Ayuryea. One day Neang Seda takes Reamleak with her into the forest to draw water. When the hermit with whom she has been living stops meditating, he sees the baby's empty hammock and is afraid. He therefore conjures up another baby exactly like Reamleak. When Neang Seda returns to the ashram and sees the new baby, she begs the hermit to keep him as a brother for Reamleak. The new baby is called Jupleak. Reamleak and Jupleak are depicted as identical boys with reddish flesh colored skin. They wear "kbang" headdresses and have their hair up in buns. Here they are depicted shooting